Nepal is a landlocked country situated between India and China and encompasses 147 181 km squared of land in a rough rectangular shape.

Nepal's geography is very diverse from its lowest point in Kechana Kalan (Jhapa District) of 70 m above sea level to its highest point at Mount Everest of 8 848 m. Along this rise in altitude there are notable valleys. With the combination of mountains, rolling hills, ridges and valleys, Nepal has an eclectic mix of ecological zones. Nepal is made up of three regions defined by its topographical changes. In the north are the Himalayas, then the hills with the Mahabharat range plus Churia hills and finally Terai in the south with some flatter forested or cultivated areas.

Nepal is well known for its mountainous and hilly topography. In fact, Nepal  has the largest share of the highest peaks in the world. Of the fourteen peaks over 8000 m, eight of them lie in the Nepal Himalaya. These include the highest mountain in the world Mt. Everest (8848 m), the third highest Kanchenjunga (8586 m).

The Hills region takes in 65% of Nepal's land area and holds the country's capital – Kathmandu. Elevations range is  from about 500 m above sea level to around 3 000 m above sea level.

The Terai is about 17% of the country's land area. The region is ideal for agriculture with the flat lands reaching between 100 m and 300 m above sea level.

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