People

The population of Nepal is estimated to be 26,494,504 people based on the 2011 census, with a population growth rate of 1.596% and a median age of 21.6 years. Only 4.4% of the population is estimated to be more than 65 years old.  Sixty one per cent of the population is between 15 and 64 years old, and 34.6% is younger than 14 years.

Ethnic groups

Nepal's 2001 census enumerated 102 castes and ethnic groups. There are three main ethnicities: Khas, Mongoloid and mixed. Khas:Bahun, Chhetri, Damai, Kami etc. Mongoloid consists of Tamang, Gurung, Magar, Sherpa, Thakali and Kirat (e.g., Rai, Limbu, Sunuwar) and mixed solely consists of Newar people.

Caste and Ethnic groups in Nepal (% of total population)

Khas - Chhetri (Kshatriya) -  15.8%, Khas - Brahmin  - 12.7 %, Kurmi  - 7.18 %, Magar  - 7.1%, Tharu  - 6.7%, Tamang - 5.6%,Newar - 5.5%, Muslim - 4.3%, Khas - Kami -3.9%, Rai - 2.79%, Gurung - 2.39%, Khas - Damai/Dholi - 1.72%, Limbu - 1.58%, Khas - Thakuri - 1.47%, Khas - Sarki - 1.40%,Teli -1.34%, Chamar, Harijan, Ram -1.19%, Koiri - 1.11% and others (less than 1%).

People
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