Welcome to Nepal

Nepal is situated in South Asia between China in the north and India in the south, east and west. The total land area is 147,181 sq. km including water area of the country that is 3,830 sq. km.Nepal’s ecological zones run east to west about 800 km along its Himalayan axis, 150 to 250 km north to south, and is vertically intersected by the river systems. The country can be divided into three main geographical regions: Himalayan region, mid hill region and Terai region. The highest point in the country is Mt. Everest (8,848 m) while the lowest point is in the Terai plains of Kechana Kalan in Jhapa (60 m) . Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal.

Climatic conditions of Nepal vary from one place to another in accordance with the geographical features. In the north summers are cool and winters severe, while in south summers are tropical and winters are mild.

The population of Nepal was recorded 26.62 million. The population comprises of about a 101 ethnic groups speaking over 92 languages. Nepal’s 20 protected areas cover 23.23 percent of its land - 10 national parks, 3 wildlife reserves, 6 conservations areas and 1 hunting reserve. 7 cultural and 2 natural areas are listed by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites.

Nepal has 185 species of mammals found in various parts of the country. Found in Nepal’s dense Terai jungles are exotic animals like the Asiatic elephant, the one-horned rhinoceros, the Royal Bengal tiger among others. Nepal has more than 850 recorded species of birds and two indigenous species of crocodile , 6,391 owering plant species, representing 1,590 genera and 231 families.

Orchid: The total number of orchids found in Nepal is 494 (this includes 456 species, 30 varieties, 6 subspecies and 2 forma).

Welcome to Nepal
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