Bhaktapur Durbar Square

The Bhaktapur Durbar Square is located in the current town of Bhaktapur,also known as Bhadgoan,which lies 13 km east of Kathmandu.

Bhaktapur meaning the city of devotees was founded by King Ananda Dev in 1197 A.D, even though the existence could be traced back to the Lichhavi period ( 185 – 750 A.D.).

While the complex consists of at least four distinct squares (Durbar Square, Taumadhi Square, Dattatreya Square and Pottery Square), the whole area is informally known as the Bhakapur Durbar Square. The Durbar square is surrounded by spectacular architecture and vividly showcases the skills of the Newari artists and craftsmen over several centuries. There are many monuments mostly erected during Malla period from 12th – 18th century. It is a highly visited site in the Kathmandu Valley.

Major attractions:

55 Window Palace: Built in the 15th century, the 55 Window Palace is the dominating architectural structure in the square.

Golden Gate: The main entrance to the palace, the golden gate is a masterpiece of artwork.

Lion's Gate: The magnificent and beautiful gate was produced from artisans whose hands were cut off after finishing touch to them by the envious Bhadgoun king so that no more of such masterpiece would be produced again.

Mini Pashupati Temple: The holy god Shiva temple, the mini Pashupati, is believed to be built right in front of the palace after a Bhadgoan king dreamed of it.

Vatsala Temple: The Vatsala temple is known for its dog-barking bell which is believed to producee a death knell when it is rung.

Nyatapola Temple: Nyatapola in Newari language means five storees — the symbolic of five basic elements. This is the highest pagoda of Nepal ever built with such architectural perfection and artistic beauty.

Bhairava Nath Temple: The Bhairava Nath temple is dedicated to the god of terror and death: Bhairava.

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