Patan Durbar Square

Patan is also known as Lalitpur, which means the city of arts. This city was founded in 3rd century A.D. by King Veera Dev has a distinction of being the hoe of the finest crafts and considered the oldest of all three cities of Kathmandu valley.Patan is one of the oldest know Buddhist City. It is a center of both Hinduism and Buddhism with 136 bahals or courtyards and 55 major temples. Most of these structures are in the vicinity of the Durbar Square.

Most of the monuments date back to 16th - 18th century and are credited to King Siddhi Nar Singh Malla, Shri Niwas Malla and Yog Narendra Malla.The Durbar Square is a marvel of Newa architecture. The Square floor is tiled with red bricks. There are many temples and idols in the area. The main temples are aligned opposite of the western face of the palace. The entrance of the temples faces east, towards the palace. There is also a bell situated in the alignment beside the main temples. The Square also holds old Newari residential houses. There are various other temples and structures in and around Patan Durbar Square.

Major attractions:

Krishna Mandir: Krishna temple is the most important temple in Patan Durbar Square. The temple was built in 1637 by King Siddhinarasimh Malla. It is said that one night the King saw the gods Krishna and Radha standing in front of the royal palace. He ordered a temple to be built on the same spot

Bhimsen Temple: Bhimsen temple was built by Srinivasa Malla in 1680. It is renowned for its three interconnected golden windows. In Newa Tradition, he is worshipped as a god of business and trade.

Vishwanath Temple: Vishwanath temple is dedicated to god Shiva. It was built in 1627 during the reign of Siddhinarasimha Malla. The roof supports are decorated with erotic carvings similar to imagery widespread in Shiva temples in India. The temple is guarded by two stone elephants in the front entrance

Taleju Bhawani Temple: Taleju temple was built by Siddhinarasrimha Malla in 1640 and rebuilt by Srinivasa Malla in 1667 after a fire. Taleju Bhawani was the personal deity of the Malla kings. It is a five-storey temple with triple-roofs. 14th Century chronicle of Gopala kings hint a Taleju temple was built by the Pradhanas before the Mallas.

Golden Temple built by King Bhaskar Verma in the 12th century

Kumbheshwor Temple built in 14th century by King Jayastithi Malla.

Mahaboudha – thousand images of Buddha are found in the temple constructed in the 15th century by an architect Avay Raj.

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