Wildlife Reserves

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve (Wetland Site)

  • Activities: Game viewing, bird watching
  • Accommodation: Resorts, tented camp
  • Access: 90-minute drive (40 km) from Biratnagar, which is 50 minutes by air or 500 km by road from Kathmandu
  • Wildlife: Elephants, wild buffalo, wild boar, hog deer, spotted deer, blue bull and jackal; reptiles include gharial crocodile; Gangetic dolphins are found in the Koshi River
  • Birds: 479 species of birds, some of which fly all the way from Siberia during winter
  • Vegetation: Grassland with patches of scrub and deciduous riverine forests
  • Best Season: October-March, April-June (hot), July-September (rainy)
  • Park Headquarters: Kusaha
  • Entrance Fee: Nepalis - Rs. 50 per day per entry, SAARC nationals - Rs. 500 per day per entry, foreigners - Rs. 1,000 per day per entry

Parsa Wildlife Reserve

  • Activities: Jungle safari on elephant back; jungle walk, jeep drive
  • Access: Fly to Simara from Kathmandu (15 minutes) and then by road to the reserve headquarters (7 km), or overland from Kathmandu (150 km via Hetauda)
  • Wildlife: Wild elephant, tiger leopard, sloth bear, gaur, blue bull, wild dog, sambar, chital, hog deer, barking deer, langur monkey, rhesus macaque, striped hyena, rat, palm civet and jungle cat; reptiles include king cobra, common cobra, krait, rat snake and python
  • Birds: 370 species of birds including the endangered great hornbill; other birds found here include the peafowl, red jungle fowl, flycatchers and woodpeckers
  • Vegetation: Tropical and sub-tropical mostly covered with Sal forests, while hills are covered with chir pine, khair, sissoo and silk cotton
  • Best Season: October-March; April-June (hot, 30-35 degrees Celsius), July-September (monsoon)
  • Park Headquarters: Adhabar
  • Entrance Fee: Nepalis - Rs. 50 per day per entry, SAARC nationals - Rs. 500 per day per entry, foreigners - Rs. 1,000 per day per entry

Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve

  • Activities: Wildlife viewing on elephant back
  • Accommodation: Jungle lodges
  • Access: Fly (1 hour 10 minutes) or drive to Dhangadhi (670 km from Kathmandu) then drive 1 hour 30 minutes (60 km)
  • Wildlife: Swamp deer, 50 wild elephants, 30 tigers, spotted deer, blue bull, barking deer, hog deer, wild boar, leopard, jackal, langur and rhesus monkey; reptiles include marsh mugger crocodile, cobra, python
  • Birds: Sarus crane, swamp francolin, grass owl, warblers, flycatchers, Bengal florican
  • Vegetation: Sub-tropical jungle of Sal and open grasslands
  • Best Season: October-March; April-June (hot, 42 degrees Celsius), July-September (rainy)
  • Reserve Headquarters: Majhgaon, Kanchanpur
  • Entrance Fee: Nepali - Rs. 50 per day per entry, SAARC nationals - Rs. 500 per day per entry, foreigners - Rs. 1,000 per day per entry

"Let's Keep Earth Green And Clean"